Propuestas bioéticas frente a los problemas sociales y éticos que generan las enfermedades infecciosas desatendidas

Valeri Saenz, Maria de Los Angeles Mazzanti di Ruggiero

Resumen


Bioethical Proposals to Face Social and Ethical Problems Generated by Neglected Infectious Diseases

Propostas bioéticas ante os problemas sociais e éticos que geram as doenças infecciosas desatendidas

Este artículo de revisión se centra en el tema de las enfermedades infecciosas desatendidas (EID), grupo de 18 patologías de carácter incapacitante, a veces mortales y frecuentemente deformantes, que prevalecen en poblaciones de Asia, África y en las zonas tropicales de Sur América. Mediante una revisión bibliográfica se plantean los elementos que se relacionan con estas enfermedades, se categorizan y se analizan a la luz de la Declaración Universal sobre Bioética y Derechos Humanos de 2005, en cuanto a igualdad, justicia y equidad, el enfoque de no discriminación y estigmatización, responsabilidad social y salud. A lo largo de la revisión se concluye que la problemática alrededor de las EID es multifactorial y se presentan propuestas, desde una mirada de la bioética centrada en el respeto por la dignidad de la persona y de las poblaciones afectadas, para mitigar y solucionar la atención a partir de estrategias posibles que aborden determinantes sociales. Se propone incluir la bioética en el debate sobre la atención de las EID para analizar los problemas y examinar soluciones por medio de proyectos de investigación transdisciplinaria que impliquen un trabajo colaborativo y formativo entre las comunidades afectadas, entidades gubernamentales y profesionales de la salud y de las ciencias veterinarias.

Para citar este artículo / To reference this article / Para citar este artigo 

Sáenz V, Mazzanti di Ruggiero MA. Propuestas bioéticas frente a los problemas sociales y éticos que generan las enfermedades infecciosas desatendidas. Pers Bioet. 2019; 23(1): 84-110. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5294/pebi.2019.23.1.6

Recepción: 27/09/2018

Aceptación: 06/02/2019


Palabras clave


Enfermedades infecciosas; enfermedades transmisibles; enfermedades desatendidas; bioética; determinantes sociales de la salud

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Referencias


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5294/pebi.2019.23.1.6

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